In skiing, as in any sport, prevention is better than cure. Ski racers know that only too well, starting to build up their physical fitness as early as the summer. For hobby skiers, Reto Cotrotzo says that around six weeks is more than enough to prepare properly for a ski holiday with the right gym exercises. A trained body can cope better with a fall than an untrained one, and if you’ve done your exercises, you feel more secure on the slopes and can weave away from day one. As an exercise, Cotrotzo recommends the classic squats to train all the muscles in the lower body.If your calves do hurt a bit when you’re skiing, the expert advice is that you really should stop. If your calves hurt or are swollen, you should have some rest, cool the affected area with ice, compress the leg with a bandage, and put your feet up (that’s the PECH method). Stretching exercises can help if you have pushed it too far and have aching muscles.